Mobility of the population

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Relations with other Red Book problems
Up-level problem
Problems of infrastructure owner
Down-level problems
Cost of land acquisition
Cost of subways infrastructure
Cost of elevated railways infrastructure
Impact of railway transport on the ecological situation
Dynamic impact of railway transport
Frequency of scheduled trains
Accuracy of schedule compliance
Occupancy of the passenger rolling stock
Coziness and crew’s ergonomics
Trip safety and security
Profitability of passenger traffic
Passenger traffic schedule

Geographic population mobility is extremely important for the sustainable development of the economy. Population mobility in the regions near big industrial and economic centers provides them with labor force; on a national scale it means influx of labor force to the new economic growth areas. It provides as well flexible reallocation of labor force in the context of market change. Railway transport is one of the most effective solutions to ensure the mobility of population, especially in large metropolitan areas. Problem of transport population mobility is the access to the services for the wider population. And first of all, a developed railway network in large metropolitan areas. It raises the following issues:

Secondly, access to the passenger transport for the wider population defines the level of comfort of the trip in its broad sense. Definition of “Comfortable trip” comprises several key factors, such as:

Thirdly, travel cost in comparison to purchasing power of the population depends on availability of passenger railway transport. Often travel cost is defined by relatively low profitability of the passenger railway transport.