Capital expenditures of the infrastructure owner

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Up-level problem
Problems of infrastructure owner
Down-level problems

One of the major problems hindering an intensive development of railway network is relatively high capital costs of the infrastructure owner. The main factors affecting these costs are:

- High capital intensity of infrastructure facilities of railways, which is associated with the following problems:

  • Considerable cost of right-of-way for railway lines
  • Construction of lines in terms of unstable grounds (flooded soils, permafrost, etc.) that requires the use of special technologies that increase the capital costs
  • Rugged topography (mountains, rivers, ponds, etc.), which requires either a construction of detours that increase route length of lines or construction of artificial structures (tunnels, bridges, etc.)
  • High axial and route load that requires an increase in the volume of subgrade, area of right-of-way, volume of ballast prism, rails and fastenings of increased load carrying capacity, bridges of increased load class

- High capital intensity of line electrification, especially in terms of ruling gradient, insufficiency of external power supply capacity, substantial remoteness of generating capacity

- The need to build a large number of intermediate stations in terms of mixed freight and passenger traffic

- The need to build a significant amount of stations processing the trains, especially in terms of predominance of single carloads and assorted trains in structure of train flow, which among other things require significant right-of-way, usually in terms of settlements.